Dental prosthetics may be required for various reasons. It is necessary in case of loss of one or a row of teeth, because poor chewing of food can lead to the problems of the gastrointestinal tract. Apart from this, it causes defects when pronouncing a number of sounds and problems with the gums. A gradual deformation of the dentition can occur, because of the degradation of the jaw bone tissue. Moreover, dental prosthetics gives an opportunity to smile broadly again, not being ashamed that you have a missing or damaged tooth. The possibilities of dental prosthetics are very extensive today, and for each patient dentists and prosthodontists find a solution that is suitable specifically for his needs.
What is a dental prosthesis?
A dental prosthesis is an artificial device, such as an implant, bridge, denture, crown or veneer created to replace missing teeth and improve the appearance of damaged teeth. Properly made prostheses do not cause discomfort, and the patient begins to perceive them as their own teeth. First, the oral cavity is prepared for prosthetics, if necessary, a dentist treat and seal teeth, remove tartar and plaque. Then they make a cast. When the prosthesis is ready, it is "tried on", as it should sit perfectly, without distorting the bite, and be as comfortable as possible. Only then can it can be fixed.
What types of dental prosthesis to choose?
Dental clinics in Kyiv, Ukraine offer a wide range of dental prosthetics services that will allow everyone to regain a beautiful smile. First of all, prostheses are divided into removable and non-removable. Removable prostheses can be used in case of both complete and partial absence of teeth. Removable dental prostheses can be easily installed in the oral cavity and removed by the patient. After removal, hygienic processing of prostheses is easy. This is the plus and minus of this prosthesis. The teeth become clean, the remnants of food are extracted from them, and of course, this is good. At first it seems burdensome, but later this procedure becomes a habit. Non-removable dental prostheses are firmly fixed, and their cleaning does not differ from ordinary toothbrushing. Today this option is the most optimal.
Removable dental prostheses
Removable prosthesis are divided into two large groups.
Partially removable prostheses. Such prostheses are attached to the gum and to real teeth. Acrylic prostheses, the most common, are very light. To install them, you do not need to grind your teeth, as they are attached with the using of special hooks. The material is acrylic plastic, which has no contraindications. These prostheses have a very affordable price. Acrylic-free prostheses (acryphry) are created from acrylic resins, which do not contain substances that cause gum irritation. They are very strong and fit snugly to the gums. If the patient has his own teeth, then the prosthesis is attached to them with the using of special hooks. If there are no teeth, then the dental prothesis joins with a suction cup. Traditional nylon dentures have proven effectiveness only in the case of restoration of small segments of the dentition. In the absence of teeth, they are not suitable, as they are too elastic and do not properly distribute the masticatory load, further atrophying the bone and alveolar crest that they hold on to. The main disadvantage is that such prostheses are expensive. Besides, they cannot be adjusted. Clasp dentures, also known as bugel dentures, are a cast metal frame covered with an acrylic layer. Artificial teeth are installed on the frame. The metal structure allows you to evenly distribute the load when chewing. The clasp prosthesis takes up less space in the oral cavity. Such a prosthesis can be attached with hooks, micro-locks, telescopic crowns.
Completely removable prostheses. A removable denture is the best solution for those who have completely lost their teeth. It consists of a base part and the teeth made of materials selected by the patient. The base can be made of plastic, metal or nylon. The teeth are made of acrylic, nylon or polyurethane. The prosthesis is made in accordance with the physiological characteristics of the patient’s oral cavity, which implies reliable fixation of the structure. Over time, when the primary tight fixation is slightly weakened, suction cups or a special cream corrector may be required.
Let's consider the types of fixed dentures!
Dental crowns. Dental clinics in Kyiv, Ukraine offer a variety of dental crowns, including metal crowns, porcelain-dused-to-metal (PFM) crowns and metal free crowns. PFM crowns, also known as metal ceramic crowns, are strong and affordable. Their advantage is an aesthetic appearance. Metal free crowns, such as pressed ceramics, zirconia crowns or aluminum oxide crowns, look more natural, but the cost is drastically higher. Read more about dental crowns here.
Dental bridges, also known as fixed partial dentures. In the absence of several teeth, a so-called bridge is created, where crowns are welded together. Depending on the type of the installation, they are of several types. There are bridges based on natural teeth. With this method of attachment, the bridge is mounted on the remaining teeth. There are bridges based on implants. This type of bridge is mounted on dental implants. Usually, one crown is attached to a single implant; when a bridge is installed, several connected crowns are attached to two implants. An adhesive bridge or resin-bonded bridge is the restoration of one tooth by attaching the prosthesis to adjacent teeth using glass fiber and composite materials and a durable frame. At the same time, neighboring teeth are not grinded under the root, only small ledges are made in them, to which the structure is attached. This method is suitable for prosthetics of teeth, which do not have a large chewing load. However, with this type of prosthetics, adjacent teeth can cause caries, since their hygienic processing is difficult. There is also a sagging of bone tissue at the place of prosthetics.
Micro prosthetics. These prostheses are the most modern methods of restoration of damaged teeth. Dental inlays and onlays are used in places where the tooth is significantly destroyed and only the root remains from it. Veneers are thin and very durable plates that are placed on the outer surface of the teeth. They eliminate aesthetic defects, make teeth beautiful. As a rule, they are made of ceramics or zirconia. Zirconia veneers are more durable. Lumineers are almost the same veneers, but thinner. In most cases, they are fixed on the teeth without any prior mechanical treatment of the teeth. The result is straight and white teeth. Lumineers are made of ceramics. Dentures on micro-locks are installed without grinding teeth. A single crown or bridge is attached to them using a micro-lock.
What's the cost of prothesis?
The cost of dental protheses depends on the type of prothesis and material used for its production. Location, the dentist's training and experience also have a significant impact on dental prices.
Dental clinics in Kyiv, Ukraine are equipped with the most modern equipment and technology. Dentists in Kyiv use the latest technologies and effective methods for treatment of teeth. Dental protheses in Kyiv are considerably cheaper than in the UK and the USA. Learn more about the cost of dental bridges, dentures, veneers, crowns and dental implants in Kyiv here.
Professional dental prosthetics will allow you to smile again! Contact UA Destination team, if you are looking for an experienced and reliable dentist in Kyiv, Ukraine.
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