Periodontitis: Symptoms and causes

Absolutely all people are at risk of losing one or more teeth, and the reasons may be different. The older a person becomes, the more health problems he has. Besides, improper oral hygiene can also lead to the loss of teeth. Many people do not know that inflammatory diseases of the gums are very dangerous as well. These may include gingivitis and its more serious stage known as periodontitis, which is incredibly dangerous for the condition of the teeth.

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What is periodontitis?

Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease of the tissues that surround the tooth. It often leads to the loss of bone tissue. It is widespread both in adults and children. Diagnosis is complicated by the fact that it is able to take various forms, which are almost asymptomatic. Determining the presence of the disease is rather difficult. The disease often occurs with prolonged caries, or after its treatment, if during the procedure the dentist has not completely eliminated the infection. This form is called apical. So, the main cause of periodontitis is infection. It can also be the result of trauma or the use of potent drugs. Marginal periodontitis can develop due to traumatic gum damage and infection.

Sign and symptoms of periodontitis

Development of periodontitis often proceeds without symptoms. As a result of this patients visit the dentist's office when the disease is at a neglected stage, and requires a complicated procedure of treatment. The main symptoms of periodontitis are:

  • redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums;
  • hypersensitivity of the gums;
  • the formation of gingival pockets;
  • tooth loss;
  • noticeable dental deposits;
  • purulent discharge between the teeth and gums;
  • bad breath and violation of taste sensations.

Depending on the degree of the inflammatory process during periodontitis, there is a violation of chewing function, tooth displacement, their unnatural mobility and increased sensitivity to temperature extremes and chemical irritants

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The untimely treatment of caries is dangerous with the occurrence of serious complications, one of which is periodontitis. The main task in the treatment of periodontitis is the elimination of microorganisms in the root canal of the tooth and behind the apex of the root in the area of the periapical tissues.


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