There are some eye diseases that develop imperceptibly but can lead to complete loss of vision. The example is glaucoma. This is a dangerous disease that can have bad consequences. If glaucoma is not treated on time, vision loss can be irreversible. So, the symptoms should not be ignored, and glaucoma treatment should be started as soon as possible.
What is eye glaucoma?
Glaucoma is one of the most dangerous eye diseases in which the optic nerve gradually dies, and the vision can be lost. In glaucoma, there is almost always an increase in intraocular pressure, which speeds up the process of damage to the optic nerve. The destruction of the optic nerve cells is an irreversible process and, eventually, it can lead to complete blindness. Basically, those who are over 40 suffer from glaucoma, but young people and even infants can also suffer from the disease.
Symptoms and causes
The causes of glaucoma may include increased intraocular pressure, deterioration of eye tissue, dystrophy and atrophy of the optic fibers, compression of the nerve fibers of the eye in the area of their exit from the eyeball.
Glaucoma is a very insidious disease and in the first stages proceeds without symptoms. In this case, glaucoma can only be detected by an ophthalmologist, after a thorough examination. Then the patient may complain of a gradual decrease in visual acuity, narrowing of the field of vision, and a deterioration of twilight vision. You should immediately contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- vomiting and nausea,
- redness and severe eye pain,
- sudden visual impairment,
- colored rings around light sources,
- white fog in front of eyes.
Glaucoma treatment in Ukraine
The treatment of glaucoma includes eye drops, laser treatment and surgical methods of treatment. The goal of any treatment is to prevent vision loss, since vision loss in glaucoma is an irreversible process. A favorable prognosis is possible for early glaucoma detection.
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