Varicosis is one of the most common diseases. For many varicoses, these are simply ugly protruding veins on the legs. Meanwhile, if left unattended, it can lead to serious consequences and even disability. Varicose veins, which affect every third woman and every tenth man on the planet, are not just a discomfort and a cosmetic defect. This is a serious condition that can cause blood clots, ulcers and bleeding.
What is varicose veins?
Varicose veins is enlargement of the superficial veins of the lower extremities, accompanied by the failure of the valves and impaired blood flow. Varicosis develops due to the weakening of the valves and vein walls, which causes the blood to coalesce, stretching the vein and causing it to protrude through the skin. Varicose veins, edema, "mesh" of the capillaries, visible under the skin - this is only an external manifestation of the disease. Often perceived as a cosmetic problem, varicose veins over time can cause severe complications, and in the absence of timely treatment, even leads to disability. The disease manifests itself:
pain and heaviness in the legs, swelling in the evening;
cramps of the lower extremities at night;
the appearance of vascular nets or "asterisks".
Causes of varicose veins
The main cause of varicose veins is genetic predisposition.
There are a number of provocative factors:
a sedentary lifestyle;
taking oral contraceptives and other hormonal drugs;
work in hot shops;
strong physical activity;
work associated with long standing or, on the contrary, sitting;
chronic diseases of the bronchi and lungs, accompanied by prolonged cough.
Prevention and treatment
People at risk, especially with a hereditary predisposition, need to visit a phlebologist regularly and have an ultrasound performed to diagnose the disease at the earliest stage. lots of walking, swimming, cycling;
monitor the weight, eat vegetables, legumes, greens, fruits, berries, sprouted grains, seafood, beef livers, nuts and add flaxseed or olive oil to dishes;
we drink enough water - at the rate of 30-35 ml per 1 kg of weight;
we do not abuse alcohol and do not smoke.
To treat the disease in the early stages is necessary not only from the aesthetic point of view, but also for the prevention of complications - thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers, thrombosis. The "gold standard" of diagnostics - ultrasound, which detects areas of the affected veins. If the results of non-invasive diagnosis are doubtful, then use a surgical study - phlebography, suggesting the introduction of a contrast agent into the vein to assess the general condition of the vascular system. Complete cure for varicose veins is possible only after surgical treatment. It can be performed by three methods:
Phlebectomy - removal of varicose veins.
Sclerosing is the introduction into the varicose vein of a sclerosant, a special substance that "glues" its walls, stopping the blood flow to it. As a result, the vein drops, even the cosmetic defect disappears.
Laser coagulation - the walls of the vein are destroyed by heat, resulting in the venous lumen being "sealed". Such an operation can only be performed if the vein is no more than 10 mm wide.
You can avoid surgery and serious consequences by adhering to a healthy lifestyle (moderate physical activity, weight control, abandonment of bad habits). Only experienced physician-phlebologist will be able to find the necessary treatment in case of varicose veins, self-medication is unacceptable.
Even in the absence of any disorders and symptoms, women and men older than 45 years are recommended to undergo annual physical exams. Regular medical check-ups will allow you to identify any abnormalities at an early stage and start treatment as quick as possible.
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